What Should Be Included In A Health And Safety Policy For The Workplace?

these with a follow up WHS consultation with a professional body, occupational hygienist in Australia or consultant.

The components of a health and safety policy include the following.

General safety guidelines

One component of a health and safety policy includes a general safety guideline such as:

Wearing the appropriate safety gear – Explaining what kind of safety gear should be worn and why it must be worn.
Procedures to follow in case of an accident – Explain what employees should do if someone is injured or ill at work, for example, where to find the first aid kit and who to call.
Rules regarding smoking in the workplace – Should you allow smoking inside your building? If so, explain where people can smoke and when they cannot smoke.
Procedures on how handle hazardous materials – Explain what kind of hazardous materials are used by your business and how these should be handled. For example: “All chemical spills must immediately be cleaned up.” Or “All chemical spills must immediately be reported”.

Other general safety guidelines may include rules on lifting heavy objects; conducting of WHS audits; the use of personal protective equipment (PPE), such as safety glasses and gloves; providing staff training on how to safely operate machinery, and emergency procedures.

First aid and emergency procedures

Emergency first aid procedures are an important aspect of any safety program. First aid procedures must be in place to assist employees and visitors during any unforeseen incident or accident that may occur on the premises of your business. This can include administering CPR, dealing with burns or broken bones, as well as responding to other medical emergencies such as choking and poisoning. Staff must also know where the first aid kit is located at all times (e.g., next to the kitchen sink).

If you have a large staff team then it is recommended that someone is appointed specifically for this role, so they are trained in basic first aid techniques like how perform CPR.

The Australian Red Cross offers training courses for people who want learn more about how to provide first aid treatment to others. The course covers topics such as:

Managing an emergency until professional help arrives.
Acting safely, effectively and calmly in an emergency situation.
Assessing the situation quickly.
Recognising emergencies, including cardiac arrest and stroke.
Providing first aid for wounds, bleeding and shock; poisoning; burns; choking (adult); bone, muscle and joint injuries.

There are also a range of free resources available on the Red Cross website about health and safety issues that can be downloaded and referenced by staff. These provide information about how to prevent common workplace accidents from occurring as well as other relevant topics such as preventing slips, trips and falls. They also provide details on what to do if someone is injured or becomes unwell while they are at work, so it is a good idea keep copies of these materials in the workplace.

Fire safety precautions

Fires are a common occurrence in the workplace, with around 15,000 reported each year. In most cases, these fires can be avoided by taking some simple precautions.

The first step is to have a fire evacuation plan in place and ensure all employees are familiar with it. Employees should also be aware of the location of the nearest fire exit and how to use it.

In addition to having a fire evacuation plan, businesses should also have an emergency action plan. This plan should include details on what to do if a fire occurs, such as evacuating the building and calling emergency services.

It is important to have adequate fire safety equipment in the workplace, including smoke detectors, extinguishers, and hoses. All of this equipment should be checked regularly to ensure that it is in working order.

Employers should also ensure that the workplace is a safe and healthy place to work. This includes providing adequate training on health and safety, as well as enforcing safe work practices. Employees should be aware of the risks associated with their job and how to minimise these risks.

Health and hygiene policies

Health and hygiene are another important aspect of health and safety in the workplace. Employers must ensure that they provide their employees with a safe working environment, which includes providing adequate toilet facilities and handwashing facilities.

Employees should be encouraged to wash their hands regularly throughout the day and to use soap when doing so. Employees who work in areas such as kitchens or food preparation areas should also be discouraged from putting fingers into their mouths or touching contaminated surfaces without first washing them thoroughly.

If an employer is unable to provide these basic hygiene requirements for its workers, then it may find itself facing legal action from those who are taken ill by poor conditions at work. If you want your business to succeed then make sure that your staff have access to clean toilets, sinks, hand basins and maintain other basic sanitary needs.

Food and drink in the workplace

Food and drinks play an important role in the workplace. Not only do they provide energy and sustenance to help workers power on through their day, but they can also be used as a way to celebrate success or boost morale. However, it is important to remember that while food and drinks can be enjoyed in moderation, they can also pose a health and safety risk if not handled correctly.

For example, employers should ensure that employees do not drink alcohol or eat food that may have been contaminated while working. In addition, workers should be discouraged from eating or drinking in areas such as kitchens or food preparation areas where there is a risk of contamination. This is because consuming food or drink that has been contaminated with bacteria or viruses can lead to gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and diarrhoea which can be very serious, especially if they occur in a workplace.

Use of technology in the workplace

All workplaces use technology and it is very important for employers to ensure that employees are aware of how they can use it safely. Employers should also explain why workers should not use their mobile phones while working as this may lead to accidents and injury, especially if they were texting or phoning while using dangerous or heavy machinery.

For example, a worker who has been using his/her phone while on duty could inadvertently cause harm to themselves or others because he/she was distracted by something else such as reading messages from friends or family members with whom they have contact through social media sites like Facebook Twitter and so forth. They must be trained in safe work practices when working near machinery and equipment in order for them not only to protect themselves but also any other employees that are around them.

A health and safety policy is important for a number of reasons. It helps to protect your employees from potential workplace accidents or injuries, it shows that you are taking responsibility for the health and safety of your workers, and it can help to reduce the likelihood of legal action being taken against your business in the event of an accident. Having a written health and safety policy also makes sure that all members of staff are aware of their responsibilities when it comes to workplace health and safety. This not only reduces the risk of accidents happening, but also ensures that everyone is working towards maintaining a safe workplace.

Negotiating With People of Prestige and Power

When you negotiate with people of prestige or power, do you become meek?

Sometimes, when we negotiate with people that we perceive as having more authority, power, or prestige, than ourselves, we become fearful or intimidated. Then, we tend not to negotiate with them as firmly as we might with other individuals. This can occur for several reasons …

  1. You don’t want to alienate the person of power for fear of losing something more important in the future.
  2. You fear the possible retribution that might come from being perceived as a ‘difficult person.’
  3. You want to be perceived as a person that everyone can get along with.

You could have all kinds of reasons and thoughts that create barriers in your mind, as to why you don’t want to negotiate from a stronger position. Regardless of the thoughts, seek to understand the impediments that prevent you from negotiating and address them.

When you negotiate with your boss, a power broker, or anyone that has more perceived authority than yourself, you can utilize some of the following strategies.

  1. Since the person has more prestige, power, or authority, appeal to their sense of fairness. You can cast yourself in the position of someone lower in stature that seeks their support. Depending upon the personality type of the individual you are negotiating with, that person’s ego may be stroked. Let her know how much you look up to her and the ‘good’ she’s contributing to your environment. Be prepared with a very good rebuttal if she tries to turn this strategy against you by suggestion the things she’s already done for you should be your reward.
  2. Seek grounds of mutual agreement as to the value you possess and be prepared to substantiate why your position warrants merits.
  3. Exploit, in a positive manner, any leverage you can utilize. If you’ve recently been cited for something of notoriety, especially if it relates to your goal of the negotiation, mention it as additional justification as to why you should receive what you seek.
  4. Suggest to the other person that they prepare to see you in a different manner, from which they may be accustomed to viewing you. Then, let them know you’re putting on your ‘business hat,’ or whatever metaphor is appropriate. If possible tie a positive trait that they possess to your actions and suggest you are attempting to imitate the good ‘business practices’ you’ve gleaned from them. Once you get their ‘buy in,’ you’re more than half way home to getting what you want from the negotiation.

Eventually, when negotiating, if you continuously put the feelings and desires of others ahead of your own, you will become very frustrated. In addition, your self respect will eventually start to suffer. You will look in the mirror and not like the person looking back at you.

When all is said and done, if you can’t summon the courage needed to negotiate with those that have more perceived power, and if the prize is large enough, consider having someone else negotiate for you. Just be aware of the inherent risk in doing so … and everything will be right with the world.

The negotiation lessons are …

  • When you negotiate with someone in a higher position than yourself, be mindful of what they might seek from you. If possible, give it to them and appeal to their sense of fairness to get what you seek.
  • If you find it difficult to negotiate with those that have greater authority, put your mind into a psychological state that cast you into a figure that can’t be beaten. Really psyche yourself up. Gather background information that will help you substantiate why you deserve your goal of the negotiation and start negotiating.
  • If you can’t summon within yourself the courage, strength, or whatever is needed to combat that which prevents you from negotiating with ‘stronger’ figures, and you have no other source to turn to for assistance, be prepared to live with the consequences of not negotiating.

Tips to Making a Salary Negotiation Letter

When in search for a new job, you definitely want something you can enjoy and can get compensated a lot for. Having a job is a necessity to be able to survive, but if everyone had a choice, they would most likely not work at all. This is why it is important that you find a job that you like seeing as you will be spending most of your days there. If you believe you have found your dream job but aren’t getting the pay you would like, a solution is to make a salary negotiation letter. Learn these tips in how to compose one so that you can be sure that you have tried everything you can to get the best possible salary in that job.

First tip when making a salary negotiation letter is that you must indicate how happy you are to be chosen for the position and how excited you are to begin work for the company. Also discuss how your experiences and skills will be a great contribution to the company and that you are looking forward to gaining new experiences as well. Talk about your goals and how you plan to tackle certain things in your first couple of months of work.

Negotiating your salary doesn’t start until the second part of the letter. After mentioning all the things stated above, that is when you discuss how you want to counter the offer they presented to you. Based on your research and in relation to the market rate, indicate an amount that you see fit. Certainly you can’t expect to be granted that same amount so always peg it at a higher rate then what you are really expecting to ensure you still get what you want.

After indicating the salary you expect, discuss why you believe you deserve this amount. Talk about your past experiences, your skills, and how you have earned it with all your achievements. Don’t forget to mention your goals and plans for the company as well so that you can show them that you will be earning the salary you are requesting for. As long as you can justify your request, you shouldn’t encounter any problems.

For your other concerns like vacation leaves or benefits, discuss these in the remaining paragraphs. Don’t go overboard and only request for things that you absolutely need. Remember, you are just about to start the job so you shouldn’t be too demanding either. When ending your letter in the last paragraph, mention how you are excited for the job and request for a meeting to discuss this negotiation further.

Following these tips to making a salary negotiation letter is all you need to be successful. Don’t have second thoughts about negotiating, you have to remember that most companies expect negotiation to take place so don’t think you are doing anything wrong with ensuring you get the salary you are happy with.